07.12.15 ۞ Utpannā Ekādaśī ۞

Sūta Goswami said, "O learned brāhmaṇas, long ago Lord Śrī Kṛṣṇa, the Supreme Personality of God, explained the auspicious glories of Śrī Ekādaśī and the rules and regulations governing each observance of fasting on that holy day. O best of the brāhmaṇas, whosoever hears about the origins and glories of these sacred fasts on the Ekādaśī days goes directly to the abode of Lord Viṣṇu after enjoying many different kinds of happiness in this material world. 

"Arjuna, the son of Pṛthā, asked the Lord, 'O Janārdana, what are the pious benefits of complete fasting, eating only supper, or eating but once at midday on Ekādaśī, and what are the regulations for observing the various Ekādaśī days? Kindly narrate all this to me'. 

"The Supreme Lord Kṛṣṇa replied, 'O Arjuna, in the beginning of winter (northern hemisphere), on the Ekādaśī that occurs during the dark fortnight of the month of Mārgaśirṣa (November-December), a novice should begin his practice of observing a fast on Ekādaśī. On Daśamī, the day before Ekādaśī, he should clean his teeth nicely. Then during the eight portion of Daśamī, just as the Sun is about to set, he should eat supper. 

"'The next morning the devotee should make a vow, according to the rules and regulations, to observe fasting. At midday he should bathe properly in a river, lake or small pond. A bath in a river is most purifying, that taken in a lake is less so, and a bath in a small pond is the least purifying. If neither a river, lake nor pond is accessible, he may bathe with well-water. 

"'The devotee should chant this prayer containing the names of Mother Earth: "O Aśvakrānte! O Rathakrānte! O Viṣṇukrānte! O Vasundhare! O Mṛttike! O Mother Earth! Kindly remove all the sins I have accumulated throughout my many past lives so that I may enter the sacred abode of the Supreme Lord." As the devotee chants, he should smear mud over his body. 

"'During the day of fasting the devotee should not speak to those who are fallen from their religious duties, to dog-eaters, to thieves, or to hypocrites. He should also avoid speaking with slanderers; with those who abuse the demigods, the Vedic literatures, or brāhmaṇas; or with any other wicked personalities, such as those who have sex with forbidden women, those who are known plunderers, or those who rob temples. If any such person is spoken to or even seen during Ekādaśī, one must purify oneself by looking directly at the sun. 

"'Then the devotee should respectfully worship Lord Govinda with first-class food, flowers, and so forth. In his home he should offer the Lord a lamp in pure devotional consciousness. He should also avoid sleeping during the daytime and should completely abstain from sex. Fasting from all food and water, he should joyfully sing the Lord's glories and play musical instruments for His pleasure throughout the night. After remaining awake all night in pure consciousness, the worshipper should give charity to qualified brāhmaṇas and offer his humble obeisances unto them, begging their forgiveness for his offences. 

"'Those who are serious about devotional service should consider the Ekādaśīs that occur during dark fortnights to be as good as those that occur during bright fortnights. O king, one should never discriminate between these two kinds of Ekādaśī. 

Please listen as I now describe the results obtained by one who observes Ekādaśī in this way. Neither the merit one receives by taking a bath in the sacred place of pilgrimage known as Śaṅkhoddhāra, where the Lord killed the Śaṅkhāsura demon, nor the merit one receives upon seeing Lord Gadadhāra directly is equal to one sixteenth of the merit one obtains by fasting on Ekādaśī. It is said that by giving charity on a Monday when the moon is full, one obtains a hundred thousand times the results of ordinary charity. O winner of wealth, one who gives charity on the day of the sankrānti (equinox) attains four hundred thousand times the ordinary result. Yet simply by fasting on Ekādaśī one obtains all these pious results, as well as whatever pious results one gets at Kurukṣetra during an eclipse of the sun or moon. Furthermore, the faithful soul who observes complete fasting on Ekādaśī achieves a hundred times more merit than one who performs an Aśvamedha-yajña (horse sacrifice). One who observes Ekādaśī just once earns ten times more merit than a person who gives a thousand cows in charity to a brāhmaṇa learned in the Vedas. 

"'A person who feeds just one brahmacārī earns ten times more merit than one who feeds ten good brāhmaṇas in his own house. But a thousand times more merit than is earned by feeding a brahmacārī is achieved by donating land to the needy and respectable brāhmaṇa, and a thousand time more than that is earned by giving away a virgin girl in marriage to a young, well-educated, responsible man. Ten times more beneficial than this is educating children properly on the spiritual path, without expecting any reward in return. Ten times better than this, however, is giving food grains to the hungry. Indeed, giving charity to those in need is the best of all, and there never has been or ever will be a better charity than this. O son of Kuntī, all the forefathers and demigods in heaven become very satisfied when one gives food grains in charity. But the merit one obtains by observing a complete fast on Ekādaśī cannot be measured. O Arjuna, best of all Kurus, the powerful effect of this merit is inconceivable even to the demigods, and half this merit is attained by one who eats only supper on Ekādaśī. 

"'One should therefore observe fasting on Lord Hari's day either by eating only once at midday, abstaining from grains and beans; or by fasting completely. The processes of staying in places of pilgrimage, giving charity, and performing fire sacrifices may boast only as long as Ekādaśī has not arrived. Therefore anyone afraid of the miseries of material existence should observe Ekādaśī. On Ekādaśī one should not drink water from a conch-shell, kill living entities such as fish or pigs, or eat any grains or beans. Thus I have described to you, O Arjuna, the best of all methods of fasting, as you have inquired from Me.' 

"Arjuna then asked, 'O Lord, according to You, a thousand Vedic sacrifices do not equal even one Ekādaśī fast. How can this be? How has Ekādaśī become the most meritorious of all days?' 

"Lord Śrī Kṛṣṇa replied, 'I will tell you why Ekādaśī is the most purifying of all days. In the Satya-Yuga there once lived an amazingly fearsome demon called Mura. Always very angry, he terrified all the demigods, defeating even Indra, the king of heaven; Vivasvān, the sun-deity; the eight Vasus; Lord Brahmā; Vāyu. the wind-deity; and Agni, the fire-deity. With his terrible power he brought them all under his control. 

"'Lord Indra then approached Lord Śiva and said, "We have all fallen from our planets and are now wandering helplessly on the earth. O lord, how can we find relief from this affliction? What will be the fate of us demigods?' 

"'Lord Śiva replied, "O best of the demigods, go to that place where Lord Viṣṇu, the rider of Garuḍa, resides. He is Jagannātha, the master of all the universes and their shelter as well. He is devoted to protecting all souls surrendered to Him.'" 

"Lord Kṛṣṇa continued, 'O Arjuna, winner of wealth, after Lord Indra heard these words of Lord Śiva's, he proceeded with all the demigods to the place where Lord Jagannātha, the Lord of the universe, the protector of all souls, was resting. Seeing the Lord sleeping upon the water, the demigods joined their palms and, led by Indra, recite the following prayers:"' 

"O Supreme Personality of God, all obeisances to You. O Lord of lords, O You who are praised by the foremost demigods, O enemy of all demons, O lotus-eyed Lord, O Madhusūdana (killer of the Madhu demon), please protect us. Afraid of the demon Mura, we demigods have come to take shelter of You. O Jagannātha, You are the doer of everything and the creator of everything. You are the mother and the father of all universes. You are the creator, the maintainer, and the destroyer of all. You are the supreme helper of all the demigods, and You alone can bring peace to them. you alone are the earth, the sky, and the universal benefactor. 

"'"You are Śiva, Brahmā, and also Viṣṇu, the maintainer of the three worlds. You are the gods of the sun, moon, and fire. You are the clarified butter, the oblation, the sacred fire, the mantras, the rituals, the priests, and the silent chanting of japa. You are the sacrifice itself, its sponsor, and the enjoyer of its results, the Supreme Personality of God. Nothing within these three worlds, whether moveable or immovable, can exist independent of You. O Supreme Lord, Lord of lords, You are the protector of those who take shelter of You. O supreme mystic, O shelter of the fearful, please rescue and protect us. We demigods have been defeated by the demons and have thus fallen from the heavenly realm. Deprived of our positions, O Lord of the universe, we are now wandering about this earthly planet."' 

"Lord Kṛṣṇa continued, 'Having heard Indra and the other demigods speak these words, Śrī Viṣṇu, the Supreme Personality of God, replied, "What demon possesses such great powers of delusion that he has been able to defeat all the demigods? What is his name, and where does he live? Where does he get his strength and shelter? Tell Me everything, O Indra, and do not fear." 

"'Lord Indra replied, "O Supreme God, O Lord of lords, O You who vanquish the fear in Your pure devotees' hearts, O You who are so kind to your faithful servants, there was once a powerful demon of the Brahman dynasty whose name was Nāḍījaṅgha. he was extraordinarily fearsome and wholly dedicated to destroying the demigods, and he begot an infamous son named Mura. 

"'"Mura's great capital city is Candrāvati. From that base the terribly evil and powerful Mura demon has conquered the whole world and brought all the demigods under his control, driving them out of their heavenly kingdom. He has assumed the roles of Indra, the king of heaven; Agni, the fire-deity; Yama, the lord of death; Vāyu, the wind-deity; Īśa, or Lord Śiva; Soma, the moon-deity; Nairṛti, the lord of the directions; and Pāśi, or Varuṇa, the water-deity. He has also begun emanating light in the role of the sun-deity and has turned himself into the clouds as well. It is impossible for the demigods to defeat him. O Lord Viṣṇu, please kill tis demon and make the demigods victorious." 

"'Hearing these words from Indra, Lord Janārdana became very angry and said,"O powerful demigods, all together you may now advance on Mura's capital city of Candrāvati." Encouraged thus, the assembled demigods proceeded to Candrāvati with Lord Hari leading the way. 

"'When Mura saw the demigods, that foremost of demons started roaring very loudly in the company of countless thousands of other demons, who were all holding brilliantly shining weapons. The mighty-armed demons struck the demigods, who began abandoning the battlefield and fleeing in the ten directions. Seeing the Supreme Lord Hṛṣīkeśa, the master of the senses, present on the battlefield, the furious demons rushed toward Him with various weapons in their hands. As they charged the Lord, who holds a sword, disk, and club, He immediately pierced all their limbs with His sharp, poisonous arrows. Thus many hundred of demons died by the Lord's hand. 

"'At last the chief demon, Mura, began fighting with the Lord. Mura used his mystic power to render useless whatever weapons the Supreme Lord Hṛṣīkeśa unleashed. Indeed, to the demon the weapons felt just like flowers striking him. When the Lord could not defeat the demon even with various kinds of weapons - whether those that are thrown or those that are held - He began fighting with His bare hands, which were as strong as iron-studded clubs. The Lord wrestled with Mura for one thousand celestial years and then, apparently fatigued, left for Badarikāśrama. There Lord Yogeśvara, the greatest of all yogis, the Lord of the universe, entered a very beautiful cave named Himāvati to rest. O Dhananjaya, winner of wealth, that cave was ninety-six miles in diameter and had only on entrance. I went there out of fear, and also to sleep. There is no doubt about this, O son of Pandu, for the great fight made me very tired. The demon followed Me into that cave and, seeing Me asleep, started thinking within his heart, "Today I will kill this slayer of all demons, Hari." 

"'While the wicked-minded Mura was making plans in this way, from My body there manifested a young girl who had a very bright complexion. O son of Pandu, Mura saw that she was equipped with various brilliant weapons and was ready to fight. Challenged by that female to do battle, Mura prepared himself and then fought with her, but he became very astonished when he saw that she fought him without cessation. The king of the demons then said, "Who has created this angry, fearsome girl who is fighting me so powerfully, just like a thunderbolt falling upon me?' After saying this, the demon continued to fight with the girl. 

"'Suddenly that effulgent goddess shattered all of Mura's weapons and in a moment deprived him of his chariot. He ran toward her to attacker with his bare hands, but when she saw him coming she angrily cut off his head. Thus the demon at once fell to the ground and went to the abode of Yamarāja. the rest of the Lord's enemies, out of fear and helplessness, entered the subterranean Patala region. 

"'Then the Supreme Lord woke up and saw the dead demo before Him, as well as the maiden bowing down to him with joined palms. his face expressing His astonishment, the Lord of the universe said, "Who has killed this vicious demon? He easily defeated all the demigods, Gandharvas, and even Indra himself, along with Indra's companions, the Maruts, and he also defeated the Nagas (snakes), the rulers of the lower planets. He even defeated Me, making Me hide in this cave out of fear. Who is it that has so mercifully protected Me after I ran from the battlefield and went to sleep in this cave?" 

"'The maiden said, "It is I who have killed this demon after appearing from You transcendental body. Indeed, O Lord Hari, when he saw You sleeping he wanted to kill You. Understanding the intention of this thorn in the side of the three worlds, I killed the evil rascal and this freed all the demigods from fear. I am Your great maha-sakti, Your internal potency, who strikes fear into the hearts of all Your enemies. I have killed this universally terrifying demon to protect the three worlds. Please tell me why You are surprised to see that this demon has been killed, O Lord." 

"'The Supreme Personality of God said, "O sinless one, I am very satisfied to see that it is you who have killed this king of the demons. In this way you have made the demigods happy, prosperous, and full of bliss. Because you have given pleasure to all the demigods in the three worlds, I am very pleased with you. Ask any boon you may desire, O auspicious one. I will give it to you without a doubt, though it be very rare among the demigods." 

""The maiden said, "O Lord, if You are pleased with me and wish to give me a boon, then give me the power to deliver from the greatest sins that person who fasts of this day. I wish that half the pious credit obtained by one who fasts will accrue to one who eats only in the evening (abstaining from grains and beans), and that half of this pious credit will be earned by one who eats only at midday. Also, may one who strictly observes a complete fast on my appearance day, with controlled senses, go to the abode of Lord Viṣṇu for one billion kalpas after he has enjoyed all kinds of pleasures in this world. This is the boon I desire to attain by Your mercy, my Lord, O Lord Janārdana, whether a person observes complete fasting, eats only in the evening, or eats only at midday, please grant him a religious attitude, wealth, and at last liberation." 

"'The Supreme Personality of God said, "O most auspicious lady, what you have requested is granted. All My devotees in this world will surely fast on your day, and thus they will become famous throughout the three worlds and finally come and stay with me in My abode. Because you, My transcendental potency, have appeared on the eleventh day of the waning moon, let your name by Ekādaśī. If a person fasts on Ekādaśī, I will burn up all his sins and bestow upon him My transcendental abode. 

"'"These are the days of the waxing and waning moon that are most dear to Me: Tṛtīyā (the third day), Aṣṭamī (the eighth day), Navamī (the ninth day), Caturdaśī (the fourteenth day), and especially Ekādaśī (the eleventh day). 

"'"The merit one attains by fasting on Ekādaśī is greater than that achieved by observing any other kind of fast or by going to a place of pilgrimage, and even greater than that achieved by giving charity to brāhmaṇas. I tell you most emphatically that this is true." 

"'Having thus given the maiden His benediction, the Supreme Lord suddenly disappeared. From that time onward the Ekādaśī day became most meritorious and famous all over the universe. O Arjuna, if a person strictly observes Ekādaśī, I kill all his enemies and grant him the highest destination. Indeed, if a person observes this great Ekādaśī fast in any of the prescribed way, I remove all obstacles to his spiritual progress and grant him the perfection of life.

"'Thus, O son of Pṛthā, I have described to you the origin of Ekādaśī. This one day removes all sins eternally. Indeed, it is the most meritorious day for destroying all kinds of sins, and it has appeared in order to benefit everyone in the universe by bestowing all varieties of perfection.

"'One should not discriminate between the Ekādaśīs of the waxing and waning moons; both must be observed, O Pārtha, and they should not be differentiated from Mahā-Dvādaśī. Everyone who fasts of Ekādaśī should recognise that there is no difference between these two Ekādaśīs, for they comprise the same tithi.

"'Whoever completely fasts on Ekādaśī, following the rules and regulations, will achieve the supreme abode of Lord Viṣṇu, who rides upon Garuḍa. They are glorious who devote themselves to Lord Viṣṇu and spend all their rime studying the glories of Ekādaśī. One who vows not to eat anything on Ekādaśī but to eat only on the next day achieves the same merit as one who executes a horse sacrifice. Of this there is no doubt.

"'On Dvādaśī, the day after Ekādaśī, one should pray, "O Puṇḍarīkākṣa, O lotus-eyed Lord, now I will eat. Please shelter me." After saying this, the wise devotee should offer some flowers and water at the Lord's lotus feet and invite the Lord to eat by chanting the eight-syllable mantra thrice. If the devotee wants to gain the fruit of his fast, he should then drink water taken form the sanctified vessel in which he offered water at the Lord's lotus feet.

"'On Dvādaśī one must avoid sleeping during the day, eating in another's home, eating more than once, having sex, eating honey, eating from a bell-metal plate, eating urad-dal, and rubbing oil on one's body. The devotee must give up these eight things on Dvādaśī. If he wants to speak to an outcaste on that day, he must purify himself by eating a Tulasi leaf or an amalaki fruit. O best of kings, from noon on Ekādaśī until dawn on Dvādaśī, one should engage himself in taking baths, worshipping the Lord, and executing devotional activities, including the giving of charity and the performance of fire sacrifices. If one finds himself in difficult circumstances and cannot break the Ekādaśī fast properly on Dvādaśī, one can break it by drinking water, and then one is not at fault if he eats again after that.

"'A devotee of Lord Viṣṇu who day and night hears these all-auspicious topics concerning the Lord from the mouth of another devotee will be elevated to the Lord's planet and reside there for ten million kalpas. And one who hears even one sentence about the glories of Ekādaśī is freed from the reactions to such sins as killing a brāhmaṇa. There is no doubt of this. For all eternity there will be no better way of worshiping Lord Viṣṇu than observing a fast on Ekādaśī.'"

Thus ends the Vṛjavāsī narration of the glories of Mārgaśirṣa-kṛṣṇa Ekādaśī or Utpannā Ekādaśī, from the Bhaviṣya-uttara Purāṇa.